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农村卫生厕所改造的标准是怎么样的?

来源:http://www.mingdehao.com 日期:2020-04-10 发布人:admin
  1.农村改厕目的意义。建造卫生厕所,能及时将粪便进行处理,杀死或减少粪便中的寄生虫卵、致病微生物,既是预防肠道传染病和寄生虫病的主要措施,又能增加肥源,提高肥效,促进农业生产的发展,是小康生活不可缺少的卫生设施,是文明程度的标志,是保护农民身心健康和小康生活中不可缺少的卫生设施。
  1. The purpose and significance of changing toilets in rural areas. The construction of sanitary toilets can deal with the excrement in time, kill or reduce the parasitic eggs and pathogenic microorganisms in the excrement, which is not only the main measure to prevent intestinal infectious diseases and parasitic diseases, but also can increase the source of fertilizer, improve the efficiency of fertilizer and promote the development of agricultural production. It is an indispensable sanitary facility for a well-off life, a sign of the degree of civilization, a protection of the physical and mental health of farmers and a well-off life Indispensable health facilities in life.
  2.农村卫生厕所类型。卫生厕所主要有三格化粪池厕所、三联式沼气池厕所、双瓮漏斗式厕所、粪尿分集式生态厕所、水冲式厕所等,目前在我县推广使用的是三联式沼气池厕所。三联式沼气池厕所由厕屋、蹲(坐)便器、畜圈、进粪管、进料口、发酵间、水压间等部门组成。是将卫生厕所与猪圈、沼气发酵池结合在一起修建,猪粪尿、人粪尿均流入沼气发酵池,既达到粪便无害化处理的目的,产生的沼气又可以用来做饭、照明,发酵后的沼气池液用作肥料,池渣经处理后可以用来养鱼、种蘑菇等。
干湿分离蹲便器
  2. Types of rural sanitary toilets. Sanitary toilets mainly include three grid septic tank toilets, triple biogas tank toilets, double urn funnel toilets, manure diversity ecological toilets, water flushing toilets, etc. at present, triple biogas tank toilets are widely used in our county. The triple biogas digester toilet is composed of toilet house, squatting (sitting) toilet, livestock pen, manure inlet pipe, feed inlet, fermentation room, water pressure room and other departments. It is built by combining the sanitary toilet with the pigsty and biogas fermentation tank. The pig manure and human manure flow into the biogas fermentation tank, which not only achieves the purpose of harmless treatment of the manure, but also can be used for cooking and lighting. The fermented biogas tank liquid can be used as fertilizer, and the tank residue can be used for fish breeding and mushroom planting after treatment.
  3.厕屋质量标准。厕屋建设要结构合理,与圈舍隔断,有墙有顶,厕所地面面积不小于1.2m2,厕所应设厕门和厕窗,厕门的标准为:宽70公分,高不低于1.7米;厕窗的标准为:宽50公分,高80公分。厕所内安装蹲便器或斜槽式,厕屋内墙体刷成白色,墙裙贴1米高的瓷砖,地面贴地砖,厕所门上贴无害化卫生厕所的标志牌。
  3. Quality standard of toilet house. The toilet house shall be constructed in a reasonable structure, separated from the enclosure, with walls and roofs, and the floor area of the toilet shall not be less than 1.2m2. The toilet shall be equipped with a toilet door and a toilet window. The standard of the toilet door is: width 70cm, height not less than 1.7m; the standard of the toilet window is: width 50cm, height 80cm. The toilet shall be installed with squatting pan or chute type, the wall in the toilet shall be painted white, the wainscot shall be pasted with 1-meter-high tiles, the ground shall be pasted with floor tiles, and the toilet door shall be pasted with the sign board of harmless sanitary toilet.
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