1. The purpose and significance of changing toilets in rural areas. The construction of sanitary toilets can deal with the excrement in time, kill or reduce the parasitic eggs and pathogenic microorganisms in the excrement, which is not only the main measure to prevent intestinal infectious diseases and parasitic diseases, but also can increase the source of fertilizer, improve the efficiency of fertilizer and promote the development of agricultural production. It is an indispensable sanitary facility for a well-off life, a sign of the degree of civilization, a protection of the physical and mental health of farmers and a well-off life Indispensable health facilities in life.
2. Types of rural sanitary toilets. Sanitary toilets mainly include three grid septic tank toilets, triple biogas tank toilets, double urn funnel toilets, manure diversity ecological toilets, water flushing toilets, etc. at present, triple biogas tank toilets are widely used in our county. The triple biogas digester toilet is composed of toilet house, squatting (sitting) toilet, livestock pen, manure inlet pipe, feed inlet, fermentation room, water pressure room and other departments. It is built by combining the sanitary toilet with the pigsty and biogas fermentation tank. The pig manure and human manure flow into the biogas fermentation tank, which not only achieves the purpose of harmless treatment of the manure, but also can be used for cooking and lighting. The fermented biogas tank liquid can be used as fertilizer, and the tank residue can be used for fish breeding and mushroom planting after treatment.
3. Quality standard of toilet house. The toilet house shall be constructed in a reasonable structure, separated from the enclosure, with walls and roofs, and the floor area of the toilet shall not be less than 1.2m2. The toilet shall be equipped with a toilet door and a toilet window. The standard of the toilet door is: width 70cm, height not less than 1.7m; the standard of the toilet window is: width 50cm, height 80cm. The toilet shall be installed with squatting pan or chute type, the wall in the toilet shall be painted white, the wainscot shall be pasted with 1-meter-high tiles, the ground shall be pasted with floor tiles, and the toilet door shall be pasted with the sign board of harmless sanitary toilet.