1、 Sanitary toilet
Toilet refers to a specific place built by human beings for excretion and defecation. Toilets can be divided into household toilets set in households for each household and public places, units and other places with the nature of public use
Public toilets. Sanitary toilet refers to a toilet (with walls, roofs and doors) that is suitable for toilet use. The side rooms are clean, free of flies and maggots, basically free of odor. The toilets are free of feces and urine traces. The septic tanks are impermeable, leakproof, sealed and covered. The feces are cleaned and treated innocuously according to the regulations.
2、 Feces harmless and harmless toilet
Fecal innocuity refers to the treatment measures that effectively reduce the number of biological pathogenic factors in human feces and make pathogens lose their infectivity.
The harmless sanitary toilet refers to the toilet that meets the requirements of sanitary toilet conditions and has the function of harmless treatment of feces. The feces cleaned according to the regulations meet the sanitary standard for harmless treatment of feces. In the construction of rural toilets in China, there are three types of non hazardous sanitary toilets, including the three grid septic tank type toilet, the diversity type toilet, the double Weng funnel type toilet and the complete sewer flush type toilet lamp.
3、 The necessity of changing toilets in rural areas
In rural areas, due to living habits, ideas, economic and natural conditions and other factors, the toilets used by households are generally simple. In addition to making people feel uncomfortable when using the toilet, the most important thing is to pollute the environment and bring diseases to human beings. For example, maggots breed in the open pit, and flies spread diseases to human beings as a vector organism; the leakage side pit pollutes the shallow groundwater, and the parasite eggs, viruses and bacteria in the feces pollute the soil and crops during the fertilization process, resulting in the contamination of human drinking water and food and infection of diseases. Therefore, we need to transform or reconstruct these toilets, and gradually popularize sanitary toilets and harmless sanitary toilets in rural areas. This job is called changing toilets in rural areas.
4、 The significance of changing toilets in rural areas
It has both social and economic benefits to carry out rural toilet reform. In terms of social benefits, after the toilet reform, rural residents reduced the diseases caused by fecal pollution and improved their health level; after the toilet reform, rural families improved their living environment, and the residents developed good toilet habits, promoted their healthy behaviors, improved their quality of life, and promoted and developed their spiritual civilization. In terms of economic benefits, first, the reduction of rural residents' diseases has saved the cost of taking medicine and seeing a doctor; second, the improvement of rural environment has promoted collective and individual business activities in rural areas, attracted external investment and promoted the development of regional economy. In recent years, the party and the government have carried out the construction of a new socialist countryside, so that rural toilet reform has become an important part of the new rural work.